Landmark UNSC-Iran nuclear deal!


Landmark UNSC-Iran nuclear deal!

-Dr. Abdul ruff

______________

The deal

Led by the US super power, the so-called UNSC-5+1 countries — the US, Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany — reached the landmark agreement with Iran after more than 20 months of intense negotiations, mostly held in Vienna or Geneva. Under a historic deal between Iran and major world powers in Vienna on July 14, Iran agreed to long-term curbs on a nuclear program that the West suspected was aimed at creating an atomic bomb. Iran has repeatedly said its work is purely peaceful but Israel objects.

In return, the USA, EU and UN would lift sanctions on Iran. Under the agreement, any UN sanctions relief would be simultaneous with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) verifying “implementation of agreed nuclear-related measures by Iran.” Iran will not use its advanced centrifuges to produce enriched uranium for the next decade.

The deal reduces the number of Iranian centrifuges by two-thirds. It places bans on enrichment at key facilities, and limits uranium research and development to the Natanz facility. The deal caps uranium enrichment at 3.67 percent and limits the stockpile to 300 kg, all for 15 years. Iran will be required to ship spent fuel out of the country forever, as well as allow inspectors from the IAEA inspectors certain access in perpetuity. Heightened inspections, including tracking uranium mining and monitoring the production and storage of centrifuges, will last for up to 20 years. The USA estimates that the new measures take Iran from being able to assemble its first bomb within 2-3 months, to at least one year from now.

US Congress has 60 days to review the agreement, giving its opponents plenty of time to dig into the details and challenge the Obama administration’s position. In Tehran, the deal will need the clear backing of Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, to fend off any objections from hardliners suspicious of an accord with the United States after decades of hostility and mistrust.

The United Nations Security Council is likely to vote next week on a resolution to endorse the Iran nuclear deal and terminate targeted sanctions, but retain an arms embargo and ballistic missile technology ban. The five permanent veto-wielding members of the UN Security Council – United States, Russia, China, Britain and France – were parties to the deal agreed with Iran in Vienna, along with Germany and the European Union. The UN Security Council resolution would terminate its seven previous resolutions on Iran, but under the Vienna deal it would leave a UN weapons embargo in place for five years and a ban on buying missile technology for eight years.
According to the Vienna deal, the six world powers, Iran and the European Union will form a Joint Commission to handle any complaints about breaches. If the complaining state is not satisfied with how the commission addresses its concerns, it could then take its grievance to the UN Security Council. The Security Council would then need to vote on a resolution to continue the lifting of sanctions on Iran.

If the nuclear deal is adhered to, all the provisions and measures of the UN resolution would terminate 10 years after its adoption and the Iran nuclear issue would be removed from the Security Council agenda.

Iranian response

 

 

The deal is god news for humanity, especially the Iranians – the target of West and Israel for quite some time now. People of Iran felt relieved and even joyous for the first time in years of sufferings due to western sanctions that cripple Iranian economy as its export of energy sources and other goods were effectively blocked.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said his country’s nuclear deal with major powers would open a new chapter of cooperation with the outside world after years of sanctions, predicting the gradual elimination of mutual mistrust. He added in a live televised speech that Iran would abide by its commitments under the agreement as long as world powers did so too. he suggested the deal reached after marathon talks between the OPEC oil producer and world powers would lay the foundations for an improvement in an economy battered by years of sanctions.

President Hassan Rouhani recalled that his election in 2013 was made possible by voters who “clearly said they want a government that protects the nuclear programme and brings prosperity to the country as the same time”. “We didn’t ask for charity. We asked for fair, just and win-win negotiations,” he said. “Today after 23 months of negotiations with world powers we reached a turning point.”

Israeli response

Pursuing genocides cum expansionism in Palestine and militarism in Mideast as its key policy Israel wanted the UNSC-Iran deal to fail so that it can resume its  terror attacks on  the Palestinians in territories being occupied by  it, but the  successful deal has clearly upset all its terror designs for the ME region.

As expected, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu, after failing to fail the UN-Iran deal, quickly slammed the landmark nuclear accord hammered out between the world powers and Iran as a “historic mistake” and hinted that he remained “committed” to order military action against Tehran’s nuclear ambitions. The hardline Jewish leader said that the powers negotiating with Iran –- the US, Russia, China, France, Britain and Germany –- made far reaching concessions on the areas meant to prevent Iran from ever being able to obtain nuclear arms.

PM Netanyahu, whose government continues to pursue its aggression and terror in Palestine, also called for Israel’s political leaders to put party politics aside and unite around a most fateful issue for Israel’s future and security- i.e. to protect Zionist occupational terror practices in Palestine as he is coming under withering criticism from the illegal settler opposition for what is being termed a colossal failure on his part to stop the agreement.

American response

The agreement, a focal point of U.S. President Barack Obama’s foreign policy, appears set to reshape relations between Iran and the West, with its effects likely to ripple across the volatile Middle East.

Hailing the landmark nuclear deal with Iran, a beaming US President Barack Obama said the pact ensuring Tehran does not acquire a nuclear bomb was based on verification and not on trust as he warned the Congress that he will veto any legislation aimed at scuttling the agreement.  Obama, in a rare early morning statement, asserted that this deal has achieved what the US and the international community wanted from day one — to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. Because of this deal, Obama said Iran will remove two thirds of its installed centrifuges, the machines necessary to produce highly enriched uranium for a bomb and store them under constant international supervision.

The US President asserted that under the deal every pathway to a nuclear weapon is cut off and the inspection and transparency regime necessary to verify that objective will be put in place. Well aware of the challenge that he faces in the Congress where Democrats are in a minority, Obama said, “I will veto any legislation that prevents the successful implementation of this deal.”

President Obama asserted that with the deal they have stopped the spread of nuclear weapons in this region and under the deal every pathway to a nuclear weapon is cut off and the inspection and transparency regime necessary to verify that objective will be put in place.

Polls have shown Americans generally to be in favour of a deaf.. For the USA, the nuclear deal struck with Iran holds both promise and peril. The same can be said for Hillary Clinton, the U.S. Democratic frontrunner in the 2016 presidential race. Clinton embraced the deal in remarks on Capitol Hill. However, Democratic presidential contender eyeing the strong Jewish vote bank Hillary Clinton, in a tough voice vowed that Tehran will never be able to acquire atomic weapons if she is elected to the White House. Mrs. Clinton cannot risk alienating wealthy Jewish donors, some of whom may worry that the new deal further endangers Israel. And focusing on Jewish vote bank, she said she continues to view Iran as “an existential threat to Israel. Clinton enjoys some maneuvering room. Despite Republican efforts to vilify Obama’s foreign policy, the president garnered about 70 percent of the Jewish vote in 2012, suggesting that many American Jews are far from being single-issue voters primarily focused on Israel’s security.

Arab response

The ruler of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, sent a note of congratulations to Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani on Tuesday for Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers. The statement contained the first official comment by Gulf Arab countries towards a deal many of them privately fear will encourage Iran to back its allies across the Middle East more forcefully.  The UAE, like all other Gulf States except Oman, belongs to a Saudi-led coalition that has been bombing Iran-backed rebels in Yemen since March. Abu Dhabi perhaps fears that the Vienna agreement will strengthen prosperity of Iran and Iranian influence in the region for peace.

Given that Iran is a neighbour, Saudi Arabia hopes to build with her better relations in all areas on the basis of good neighborliness and non-interference in internal affairs. Saudi Arabia expressed hope Tuesday for an end to Iran’s regional “interference” after a historic nuclear deal aimed at ensuring its Middle East rival does not obtain an atomic bomb. Two of the kingdom’s fellow Sunni-run Gulf neighbours also expressed hope for better relations with Shiite-dominated Iran. To counter Iran and Israel, Saudi Arabia is pursuing its own nuclear projects and building alliances beyond its ties with Washington.

Kuwait’s emir, Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah, sent cables to Iranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Rouhani congratulating them on the “historic agreement”. He hoped the deal “would contribute to strengthen peace and stability in the region and to direct all efforts for the development of the countries in the area”.

Peace in Mideast now depends exclusively on Israel- the only nuclear power and effectively the US backed super power of west Asia, terrorizing Arab world, especially the Palestinians. However, USA, unfortunately, is still arming nuclear power Israel with nuclear weapons, threatening the peace in the region.

Israel remains a grave threat to Mideast peace and to the  peaceful and secured existence of humanity at large!

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