India’s plans for renewable energy and carbon emission reduction!
-Dr. Abdul Ruff
Nuclear plants, terror wars and continuous carbon emission accelerate terrible climate change. UN has at long last recognized the multilateral menace for environment and living beings.
Similarly, climate change and nuclearization processes are interlinked and disastrous for human survival. Nuclear powers are completing with one another in the production and placement of nuclear missiles facing their perceived enemies. No nuke nation wants to get rid of their arsenals, though they all know the existence of WMD are highly dangerous and practically useless deterrent.
Lethal weapons are stored in the space as well.
Not just in military establishment and the media it feeds with nuclear ideas, but also “knowledgeable” sections of the country also assert the usefulness of nuclear energy and seeks nuclear energy production to continue alongside the renewable energy systems India is focusing these days, by trying to use wind, solar and water energy routes for electricity generation.
As USA and Russia have been locked in a vicious nuclear rivalry, India and Pakistan also love their nuke arsenals more than the people living and being threatened in these countries. States are indeed wasting their scarce resources on nuclear and missile build ups. This money, if spent on the needy common masses and poor, could save humanity in a big way.
Nuclear power India seems to be working for alternative methods to contain climate change by tacking threats of nuclear waste and perpetual carbon emission. India is adopting new methods for electricity like renewable energy generation to meet the ever growing electricity requirements and carbon emission reduction.
India is the world’s third-largest carbon polluter, behind China and the United States. India unveiled a plan to cut carbon emissions by 33 to 35 percent from 2005 levels by 2030, join several other nations submitting their emissions-reductions plans ahead of the United Nations Paris Climate Change conference in December.
Environmentalists are concerned that the emissions targets are tied to a continued and even increased dependence on coal, even as India examines natural gases and other alternative sources of energy. Air pollution levels in New Delhi are routinely higher than those in Beijing, causing both health and political problems as foreign diplomats curtail their visits. India has said that its economy is too small and emergent to make immediate and complete shifts away from fossil fuels.
India today, however, is becoming a testing ground for renewable energy without abandoning its nuclear energy system threatening the very existence of humans in societies as nuclear blasts are not. India already plans to add 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022. It could do even more if the US and other developed nations fulfill their responsibilities as historic and current polluters and finance and facilitate clean technology transfers.
The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), as India’s plans are called, are receiving attention for their intended scope. Some analysts forecast that if India’s economy continues to grow at roughly the same pace for the next 15 years, its greenhouse gas emissions could jump by more than 77 percent, reaching about 11 percent of worldwide CO2 emissions by 2030. This would outpace even China, currently the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter. Elements of the Indian plan include boosting its electricity grid’s reliance on non-fossil fuels, including solar, wind, hydro-power and nuclear, from 28 percent to 40 percent by 2030. India also plans to plant more trees to create a carbon sink capable of absorbing 2.5 billion to 3.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide.
According to the Indian government, the country will need $2.5 trillion by 2030 to achieve the proposed plan, but whether these funds will come from the proposed emissions cuts, funding from wealthier nations, or a combination of the two is not immediately clear. Even so, some observers remain optimistic about India’s carbon-emission plan. “Despite the challenges in implementation, this plan reaffirms India’s intent to achieve its bold renewable energy goals.
Surprisingly, the country’s carbon intensity target doesn’t fully capture the emissions it would avoid if it succeeds in meeting its renewable energy goals. India can exceed its carbon intensity target in the course of shifting to non-fossil energy. The New Delhi-based Center for Climate and Energy (CSE) voiced similar sentiments. “India’s INDC reflects its development challenges, aspirations of large numbers of poor people and the realities of climate change.”
In fact, as solar and wind energy technologies become price competitive with polluting energy from fossil fuels, India can become a low-cost production and design hub for renewable energy. Foreign investments in this sector could neatly dovetail with the ‘Make in India” initiative, creating jobs on the ground. For the Paris conference on climate change in December to succeed, developing and developed countries must help each other out.
India can be the bridge between the two camps and help evolve a broad climate deal. Promises and muscular demonstrations of political will have their limits, especially when years of growth have only multiplied inequality.
Save the humans, the earth, and the space!